Dr Fragen in the operating room


  • The need or desire to use a personal remote management service makes a few assumptions.

    1. It assumes that the developer has personal or client projects that are under version control on a system like GitHub, Bitbucket, GitLab, or some other system.
    2. It assumes that these projects are utilized on multiple sites.
    3. Lastly, it assumes that the developer would like a simple method of pushing updates to these multiple sites.

    GitHub Updater allows for updating of plugins and themes that are developed outside of the official WordPress repository. Often these projects reside in GitHub, Bitbucket, or GitLab. Updating these repositories to a handful of sites usually involves visiting that site’s dashboard and updating the plugin or theme in the usual manner. The difficulty arises when you’re managing the same plugin(s) or theme(s) on many, many sites.

    Current State of Updating

    You don’t want to spend time visiting each site to update these repositories. It takes too long and quickly becomes inconvenient. It’s much simpler to use a remote management system and push updates to multiple sites. There are several commercial plugins and services to accomplish this. Among them are iThemes Sync, ManageWP, MainWP, and InfiniteWP.

    The problem is that these services were designed only to work with the official WordPress repository and not with GitHub, etc. These plugins all work by showing you that an update is pending and allow you to update all the plugins for a site en masse or all of a particular plugin on multiple sites. Set up of these plugins requires a variable degree of effort and occasional errors can be difficult to troubleshoot.

    GitHub Updater has had the ability to utilize many of these remote management services for a couple of years but it’s always been a bit unstable and difficult to test. Recently much of this instability has been removed by allowing for GitHub Updater’s API calls regardless of the web site visitor’s privileges. However, it still requires someone visit the site to ensure that WP-Cron runs and GitHub Updater maintains current update information.

    Webhook Updating

    GitHub Updater has also been able to utilize a webhook to update repositories too. This method doesn’t require WP-Cron or anyone to even visit the site. Send the appropriate webhook and the repository will update. Personally, I use a webhook to update GitHub Updater on the develop branch on my test site every time a GitHub push is identified. This way I can ensure I’m always testing with the most recent commits.

    Updating via a webhook is a more of a push than a pull. For reference, my idea of a pull would be the site shows that an update is pending and pulls the update from the remote source. A push would be similar to a re-installation of the plugin from the current source. In GitHub Updater’s parlance, it’s exactly like branch switching. If you switch to the same branch it’s simply re-installing with the latest code. There is no version checking in this process.

    REST API Endpoint Updating

    GitHub Updater previously used a admin-ajax.php request to provide for webhook updating. I have finally re-written this to an actual REST API endpoint and it has made the Git Remote Updater possible.

    Currently there are 3 endpoints.

    1. repos – returns a listing of the sites GitHub Updater enabled plugins and themes along with their current branch.
    2. update – processes the actual webhook request.
    3. test – Yeah, I just left it in. 🙃

    Git Remote Updater

    Recently I’ve written a plugin to facilitate your own personal remote management system, Git Remote Updater. Git Remote Updater will allow you to update individual repositories on multiple sites or all the repositories in a single site with a single button click.

    How It Works

    Functionally, the Git Remote Updater Plugin simply sends a webhook as an HTTP GET request to the site. This allows GitHub Updater to update the repository. The best part is that Git Remote Updater is able to send multiple webhook requests with a single click.

    Git Remote Updater only needs the site’s URL and API key from GitHub Updater to enter into the Git Remote Updater Settings tab.

    GitHub Updater Site Data
    GitHub Updater Site Data
    Git Remote Updater Settings
    Git Remote Updater Settings

    This site specific data is all that is necessary to validate with the site and update the repositories. This data only needs to be updated if the site’s Remote Management API key changes.

    The API key is easily reset and only functions on the update endpoint to authorize an update on the site and one the repos endpoint to collect repository data.

    There is a REST API endpoint that returns the site’s GitHub Updater enabled plugins and themes along with data regarding the installed branch. The second REST API endpoint is for updating. It utilizes data from the JSON file to form a correct webhook for updating. Both of these endpoints require an API key for authentication.

    In order to ensure that this remote updating works, updating must work on the site’s dashboard too. This means that any access tokens or username/password data must be correctly saved on the remote site. I have found that utilizing the Git Remote Updater works best on a local development environment.

    Update by Repository or by Site

    There are 2 ways to update in Git Remote Updater. You may update individual repositories on multiple sites or you may update multiple repositories on an individual site. A dropdown menu conveniently switches between the two options.

    Git Remote Updater by Repository
    Git Remote Updater by Repository
    Git Remote Updater by Site
    Git Remote Updater by Site


    An example of the type of feedback supplied is below.

    Git Remote Updater Feedback
    Git Remote Updater Feedback

    Functional Differences

    Git Remote Updater doesn’t seek to provide feedback about the update status of a particular plugin or theme. It simply forces an update based on the installed branch of the remote repository. This is functionally equivalent to a reinstallation or branch switch to the same installed branch of the repository.

  • WP Core Development with Local Lightning


    Firstly, this is only meant as a how I do it. I’m using MacOS.


    It is based on using git://core.git.wordpress.org/. This would be similar to WP core development on a regular install using the WordPress Beta Tester plugin set for bleeding edge nightlies.

    • Create a new site in Local Lightning.
    • From Local Lightning Open Site Shell
    • You should cd into /app.
    • Move the wp-config.php and delete /public.
    • Then clone core.git.wordpress.org to /public.
    cd .. mv ./public/wp-config.php . rm -rf ./public git clone git://core.git.wordpress.org/ public
    Code language: PHP (php)

    Create symlink of wp-config.php into /public

    ln -sv $PWD/wp-config.php $PWD/public/wp-config.php
    Code language: PHP (php)

    The following can be used to keep your clone less cluttered. Add ./app/public/.gitignore with the following data.

    Add the above from my gist to the /app directory with the following command.

    curl -o ./public/.gitignore https://gist.githubusercontent.com/afragen/43dfff563e942353d866c81904498cb2/raw/.gitignore
    Code language: PHP (php)

    Add setup-phpunit.sh script for testing.

    curl -o setup-phpunit.sh https://raw.githubusercontent.com/afragen/setup-phpunit/master/setup-phpunit.sh
    Code language: JavaScript (javascript)

    I’ve written a script to aid in applying patches or changesets from core.trac.wordpress.org. It is added to the commands as well.

    curl -o apply-trac-patch.sh https://gist.githubusercontent.com/afragen/977d765414189d5f5fae42215fe92a27/raw/apply-trac-patch.sh
    Code language: JavaScript (javascript)

    Run setup-phpunit.sh script.

    Update trunk via git pull from /app/public using Open Site Shell

    Below are the list of sequential commands after Open Site Shell

    Someway to automate this setup in a one-click install or an advanced setting on the install would be tremendous. see https://localbyflywheel.com/community/t/feature-request-add-simple-install-of-a-wp-core-dev-environment/12985/3


    A separate one-click install using git://develop.git.wordpress.org/ would also be great but that will require installing npm and setting the database to display /build as the home URL endpoint.

    As above you will need to create a new site in Local Lightning and then Open Site Shell from Local Lightning.

    To make this function, before running the commands you must ensure that your local environment has wget and npm installed. If you’re on a Mac I highly recommend using Homebrew and brew install wget. Installing npm using Homebrew can be done but isn’t necessarily the recommended method.

    I have to give lots of credit to Sal Ferrarello for his post WordPress Core Development on Local by Flywheel and to Kees Meijer for his script setup-phpunit.sh

    I had to modify the setup-phpunit.sh script to work with Local Lightning. It is heavily biased towards using MacOS. I’m hoping I can get a little help making it more universal. My version is on GitHub

    Here’s the sequential commands I’ve adapted from Sal’s post to use the git://develop.git.wordpress.org repository.

    Update for Apple Silicon:

    Use nvm to install node version 16.x. Node v16.x will build on Apple Silicon. The following uses the command line. I have nvm installed via the zsh-nvm plugin for oh-my-zsh!

    • nvm install 16, allow a few minutes to build.
    • nvm use 16
    • nvm alias default 16, sets node v16.x as default for each new shell session.

    This will automatically install and use the correct version of npm.

    I have outlined all of the above in a Trac ticket comment.

    The preceding bases your WordPress installation on develop.git.wordpess.org. You will open your site from a URL similar to mylocalsite.local/build/ and the dashboard is mylocalsite.local/build/wp-admin/.

    One-click Install

    For a one-click install you can use the following commands.

    # Setup environment from core.git.wordpress.org sh -c "$(curl -fsSL https://gist.github.com/afragen/e1aa3ffccf1a73618ee6e756bd95d297/raw/core-git-wp.sh)";cd . # Setup environment from develop.git.wordpress.org sh -c "$(curl -fsSL https://gist.github.com/afragen/e1aa3ffccf1a73618ee6e756bd95d297/raw/develop-git-wp.sh)";cd .
    Code language: PHP (php)