Tag: osx-server

WordPress, WebDAV and htaccess

So I moved my WordPress install to my domain root and the WordPress specific htaccess instructions have borked my WebDAV. Fortunately a little googling and I’ve got a solution.
Since running a multisite install, my htaccess rewrites a lot. Turning off the RewriteEngine inside he WebDAV direcetory solves this issue.

<IfModule mod_rewrite.c>
RewriteEngine Off

Thanks Tim

Filed under: osx-serverTagged with:

chroot'd SFTP on Mac OS X server

So here you are finding that you need to grant someone else SFTP access to your server. There are lots of reasons to do this, in my case it’s because I needed to grant access to someone’s web designer. We initially worked it out by him emailing me files and me SFTP’ing them up to the server in the correct location. Now he needs direct access to fix some things and I want to give him only what he needs without compromising security. Enter the chroot jail. After lots of googling and some encouragement from the Mac OS X Server email list, I’ve got it working. Here’s how it works.
First, you should create the new user in Workgroup Admin and either assign them access privileges for SSH via Server Admin or assign them to a group that has SSH access privileges. Further discussion is below.
From the Terminal, start off right.

sudo cp /etc/sshd\_config /etc/sshd_config.bkup
sudo chown root /
sudo chmod 755 /
sudo mkdir -p /chroot/user/scratchpad
sudo chown -R root /chroot
sudo chown user /chroot/user/scratchpad
sudo chmod -R 755 /chroot

Every additional new user added will then be something along the lines of the following.

sudo mkdir -p /chroot/user2/scratchpad
sudo chown root /chroot/user2
sudo chown user2 /chroot/user2/scratchpad
sudo chmod -R 755 /chroot/user2

Every folder in the path to the chroot jail must be owned by root. I don’t think it matters what group the folder is in. What I did above was to

  1. backup /etc/sshd_config
  2. change ownership of the root directory to root
  3. change permissions of the root directory to 755
  4. create a chroot folder
  5. create a user folder inside the chroot folder
  6. create a folder inside the user folder that user can modify
  7. set ownership and permissions

Now to edit /etc/sshd_config to the following.

#Subsystem  sftp    /usr/libexec/sftp-server
Subsystem   sftp    internal-sftp
Match User user
  X11Forwarding no
  AllowTcpForwarding no
  ForceCommand internal-sftp
  ChrootDirectory /chroot/user

This creates a chroot jail. When the user logs in will drop them into the folder /chroot/user, in that folder is a folder they can add things to /chroot/user/scratchpad.
If you want to create a Group in Workgroup Admin for ‘Chroot Users’ then add the new users that you created in Workgroup Admin to the Group; you won’t have to keep editing the /etc/sshd_config file. Instead of the above, add the following. Make sure you add the ‘Chroot Users’ group to the SSH access ACL in Server Admin.

#Subsystem  sftp    /usr/libexec/sftp-server
Subsystem   sftp    internal-sftp
Match Group chrootusers
  X11Forwarding no
  AllowTcpForwarding no
  ForceCommand internal-sftp
  ChrootDirectory /chroot/%u

If you have more than one chroot group just repeat the Match Group setup again.
To test whether the above is working, issue the following from the terminal.

$ sftp user@domain.com

Getting in is one thing. Now you have to mount the folder you want to use. Unfortunately you can’t use a symlink inside of a chroot jail. This is where Homebrew is your best friend. I don’t know why I’ve never seen fit to install this before. After installation just issue the following commands.

brew install bindfs

You might have to restart. Now with an empty folder created in /chroot/user you can mount --bind to a folder outside of the chroot jail. For example

sudo /usr/local/bin/bindfs -u user /Library/Server/Web/Sites/Server/Documents/mysite/yourfolder /chroot/user/scratchpad

So far this seems to work here.
Update for Mountain Lion Server
As I’ve updated my server from Snow Leopard to Mountain Lion, there’s one extra step.
From Workgroup Manager, you will need to create a home folder. Nothing really has to go into it, but it needs to be present. My settings are as follows.
Mac OS X Server/Share Point URL: afp://myserver.example.com/Users
Path to Home Folder username
Full Path /Network/Servers/myserver.example.com/Users/username
After setting this up the first time it seems to auto-populate for every other user. You’ll have to go to the Home tab, select it and Save.

Filed under: code, osx-serverTagged with: ,

Squirrelmail Plugins

Just an FYI post.
I save all my added Squirrelmail plugins in /Users/Shared/squirrelmail_plugins/. Consequently if I need to reinstall any or all of them all I have to do is issue the following…

    sudo cp -R /Users/Shared/squirrelmail_plugins/PLUGIN_FOLDER
    sudo /usr/share/squirrelmail/config/conf.pl

Activate the plugins, save, quit and you’re good to go.

Filed under: osx-serverTagged with: ,

Setting up WebDAV Share in Mac OS X Server

As I attempt to transition from a laptop to an iPad, with no specific reason other than the iPad is sooooo kewl; I need to create my own online storage. Yes I have a Dropbox account, but I don’t control Dropbox.
Here’s what I did, YMMV.

  1. From Server Admin, make new Web > Realm and set appropriate ACLs.
  2. Create a folder in location/volume where data for Share is physically located.
  3. Change permissions of folder to _www:admin (that’s what works for me)
  4. Create a symlink to the share folder in the folder where your web server looks to for the domain’s data.

I know there’s probably a bit of information missing and if I showed images of the actual steps it might make things a bit clearer but I’m a little paranoid about my server and I don’t want to risk opening it up to further attack.
All this needs to be done before OS X will allow a "Connect to Server..." and mount your WebDAV share.

Filed under: osx-serverTagged with:

Updating DNS settings

Just to document. I’ve updated the settings in /etc/named/named.ca by using the following command and then restarting DNS.

sudo curl ftp://ftp.internic.net/domain/named.root -o /var/named/named.ca

Not sure how often this should be done.
I also added the following to /etc/named.conf to reduced the error logging. I got that tidbit from google groups

logging {
category lame-servers { null; };
category edns-disabled { null; };

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